Dragon fruit, also known as pitaya is an exotic, tropical fruit you’ve most likely seen before in stores. The taste is similar to that of a kiwi, but a loss less subtle. The dragon fruit actually belongs to the cactus family and they have some of the biggest, most impressive flowers in the world. Dragon fruit is native to Central America and most often grown in tropical and sub tropical climates.
How to Grow Dragon Fruit in Your Garden
Dragon fruit is a climbing cactus and will need support to climb. Because it’s a sub tropical plant, dragon fruit loves warm weather and partial sun. If you live in a colder climate, you can still grow dragon fruit, but make sure you do so in pots, and never put it outside, especially if below 28F.
Growing Dragon Fruit From Seed:
- Purchase a dragon fruit and cut it in half. Scoop out the black seeds and wash them off.
- Place the seeds on a moist paper towel and leave them overnight.
- Fill a small germination tray with well draining potting soil.
- Sprinkle the seeds onto the surface of the soil and cover with a thin layer of growing medium.
- Moisten the soil with a spray bottle and cover with plastic wrap to keep moisture.
- The seed should germinate within 15-30 days.
- After they’ve germinated, remove the plastic wrap, and transplant to a bigger pot.
Caring for Dragon Fruit Plants:
- Make sure the soil is well draining, and always moist.
- Keep in full to partial sun.
- Fertilize once a month once plant is active and in its growing season.
Harvesting Dragon Fruit:
- You can harvest dragon fruit once its skin color changes from bright green to red or pink.
- The fruit should be oval in shape and about 10-15 cm long.
- Fruits should be ready to harvest 30-50 days after flowering.
Please note that growing dragon fruit can take several years to bear fruit, but in the meantime, you’ll have a stunning flowering cactus!
So now that you know how to grow dragon fruit, let’s get the planting!