Cabbage is an amazing vegetable to grow in your garden because it's packed full of vitamins and has so many culinary uses! Unfortunately though, cabbage only likes cold weather climates and can also attract critters. Today we'll show you how to grow cabbage from seeds successful as well as how to keep those cabbage loving critters away.

How to Grow Cabbage

cabbage in garden

If planted correctly and in the right climate, it is possible to have two cabbage harvests a year: one in the spring and one in the fall.

Planting Cabbage:

  • Start your cabbage seeds indoors about 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in spring.
  • Prepare the soil by tiling in aged manure or compost.
  • Begin to transplant outdoors 2-3 weeks before the last expected frost. When planting, choose a day that's cloudy rather than sunny.
  • Plant your cabbage 12-24 inches apart in rows. The closer you plant, the smaller the cabbage heads.
  • Mulch thickly around each cabbage plant to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.
  • To avoid soil borne diseases, practice crop rotation year to year.
  • Cabbage plants are heavy feeders, so avoid planting them next to other plants or vegetables as they will try to compete with one another. This will result in less healthy, smaller crops.
  • You CAN plant cabbage next to cucumbers and beans though!

Care for Cabbage Plants:


  • Once transplants reach about 5 inches in height, thin them to make sure that they are still the desired length apart.
  • Fertilize 3 weeks after transplanting.
  • Keep the soil moist with mulch and water 2 inches per week.


  • You can scatter elder leaves around your cabbage plants to keep pests and critters away.

Harvesting Cabbage:

  • Harvest your cabbage once the heads reach the desired size and are firm.
  • Your cabbage should be ready to harvest after about 70 days of planting.
  • Cut the cabbage heads at the base using a sharp knife.
  • To get another crop of cabbage from the same plant, cut the cabbage head out of the plant, leaving the outer leaves and root intact in the soil.
  • The cabbage plant will grow a new head.
  • After all harvest is done, removing entire cabbage head and root system to prevent soil disease.

Happy Planting!

How to Grow Cabbage