You may have seen jackfruit at one point or another at your local Asian grocer, but these spiny fruits are not really popular in North America. Related to breadfruit, jackfruit is a giant spiny fruit that is native to Asia and other tropical regions. The jackfruit tree can grow up to 80 feet tall, so if you're curious about how to grow jackfruit, you first need to make sure you have enough space! A jackfruit weighs on average about 35 pounds, has a very thick, rubbery rind, and also has up to 500 seeds. Depending on who you ask, jackfruit can smell like a combination of grapefruit and bananas, OR can have a really nasty smell like rotting onions and gym socks! Keep reading to find out more about how to grow jackfruit.
How to Grow Jackfruit
In order to grow jackfruit, you need to live in a tropical or subtropical climate. Jackfruit will only thrive in hot areas.
- Plant jackfruit seeds in rich, deep, and somewhat porous soil.
- Soil must be moist at all times, but be careful, as they cannot stand wet roots. If your jackfruit tree receives too much water, it will dye completely.
- For faster germination, soak the seeds for up to 24 hours and then plant.
- Germination should occur within a few weeks.
- Once the plant has 3-4 true leaves, it may be transplanted outdoors.
- Keep the jackfruit tree away from high winds and other plants and keep the soil moist.
- Jackfruit will start bearing fruit within 3-4 years and will continue to give fruit for up to 100 years.
Caring for Jackfruit:
- Fertilize the tree in its growing stages with nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, and magnesium.
- Apply these in a ration of 8:4:2:1 to 30 grams per tree at 6 months of age and double the amount every six months for up to two years.
- After two years, fertilize to a ratio of 4:2:4:1, 1kg per tree.
- Prune the jackfruit regularly for easier harvest.
So now that you know how to grow jackfruit, it's time to roll up your sleeves and get to planting!