Need to repot your plants but have no idea how? We know repoting can be something difficult to do because so many things could go wrong, your plants can get damaged, dry or die in the process. It's crucial you know what you are doing when it comes to repotting a plant, that's why we made you this how to repot a plant guide to help you achieve this task successfully!!

repotting aloe plants

Before we get into this guide on how to repot a plant, let’s take a look at the reasons why re-potting is so important for your plant's health and when repotting is actually needed.

Why it's Important to Repot Plants:

  • After some time of being planted your plants needs to be repoted, and this is because plants tend to outgrow their pots and start to look saggy and tired. It's a must to repot your plants in a bigger pot.
  • Changing the soil is an important part of re-potting because new soil means new and proper nutrients for the plant. Diseases, mold, and pests often tend to affect potted plants and changing the soil can prevent this from happening.
  • A bigger pot means bigger space and this your plant will love. Your plant's roots system will have a bigger space to grow successfully.

When to Repot:

The time to repot depends on many factors but the most important one is in the kind of plant you want to repot. Most plants need to be repoted once a year but others kinds of plants have different needs.

Let's take a look at this chart of when to repot some of the most popular houseplants and outdoors plants:

Spider Plants When roots start showing above the pot
Aloe VeraWhen the plant start reproducing
Jade PlantsYoung plants every 2-3 years and older plants every 4-5 years in spring.
Peace LilyWhen the plant is rootbound.
Moth Orchids Every two years after flowering.
HydrangeasEvery 1 to 2 years
Eucalyptus Every 2 to 3 years in spring
HibiscusIn spring or early summer
CatnipIn early spring
SalviaEvery 3 years in early spring
LavanderOnce a year in late winter or early spring
Shasta DaisiesEarly fall after flowering

Important fact: You should always repot your plants after purchasing. Nursery pots are usually too small and the plant is ready to be moved to a bigger pot.

How to Repot a Plant

When it's time to repot your plants there are a few things you need to get your hands on:

You'll need:

  • A larger pot than your previous one with good draining holes.
  • A trowel
  • Gloves
  • Potting mix – choose a potting mix suited for your specific plant.
  • A watering can or spray bottle
  • Knife or scissors – optional
  • Coffee filters or paper towel

Step 1: Water your Plants Before Re-potting

watering succulents

2 or 3 days before re-potting, water your plants well. This will help with the process since the soil will be moist and manageable.

You can also moist the new soil in case it feels dry. Of course, this is only when needed.

Step 2: Get a Bigger Pot

repotting aloe plants

One of the reasons for re-potting is to change the pot because the plant has outgrown it. Choose a larger pot than your previous one making sure that it's not only larger but also deeper. The kind of pot you need to get will depend on your plant so do a little research about your plant beforehand.

A pot with good draining holes is also something very important. This will guarantee that your plants won't be rotting or sit in water.

Step 3: Cover the Drainage Holes of your Pot

coffee filter in garden

While having good drainage holes is important, it's also as important to make sure your soil doesn't come out through them.

We only need the water coming out and to achieve this, cover the draining holes with something like coffee filters or paper towels.

Step 4: Place a Layer of New Soil in the New Pot

garden soil

Pour enough soil so the roots have enough space to grow into but be careful not to fill in too much. We don't want the roots to spill over the top.

Step 5: Remove the Plant from the Old Pot

repotting desert rose plant

This is the most nerve-wracking step when it comes to repotting because if we are not careful enoug,h we can damage our plants.

To prevent damage and successfully remove the plant from its old pot, place your hands at the top of the pot then turn the pot upside down. Gently move the plant side to side so it gets loosened and falls out of the pot. This is why watering the plant before re-potting it's a great tip. It will make everything easier.

Step 6: Prepare the Rootball

Before placing the plant into the new pot, check the rootball and if needed prune the old roots to help uncover the new ones.

After pruning, untangle the roots to encourage them to grow outward and have better contact with the soil.

Step 7: Set the Plant in the New Pot

potted olive tree

Gently place the plant into the new pot making sure it's centered. Look carefully into all angles so the plant it's not placed too close to the sides.

After placing the plant into the new pot, fill the pot with soil around the rootball making sure not to fill the pot completely. Let about 1” below the top. You can press into the soil after filling or just fill normally.

Step 8: Water your Freshly Repoted Plant

After placing the plant in its new soil and pot, water well to encourage the plant to soak in the nutrients in the new soil.

It's important that you know that after re-potting, it's not recommended to apply any fertilizer or move the pot outside to direct sunlight.

Now that you know how to properly repot a plant, it's time to get to work!

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How to Repot a Plant